8 Oldest Dog Breeds On The Planet

Dogs have been our faithful companions for millennia, tracing their lineage back through the annals of history. The connection between humans and dogs transcends time, and there are some breeds whose origins harken back to ancient civilizations. Let’s embark on a journey through time to explore the eight oldest dog breeds that have stood the test of time.

Unveiling Ancient Canine Heritage

1. Saluki: The Noble Hound

Saluki - Wikipedia

Originating in Egypt around 329 B.C., the Saluki is renowned for its grace and agility. Revered by the ancient Egyptians, these swift hunters were often depicted in hieroglyphs and buried alongside their owners to guide them in the afterlife.

2. Basenji: The Barkless Wonder

Hailing from Central Africa, the Basenji is known for its lack of a traditional bark. Often referred to as the “African Barkless Dog,” it dates back to ancient times, where it was revered for its hunting prowess and companionship.

3. Alaskan Malamute: The Arctic Guardian

Alaskan Malamute | Description, Temperament, & Facts | Britannica

The Alaskan Malamute originates from the harsh Arctic regions and has been a loyal companion to the Inuit people for over 4,000 years. Their endurance and strength made them indispensable for pulling sleds and assisting in hunting.

4. Chinese Shar-Pei: The Wrinkled Guardian

Chinese Shar-Pei Dog Breed Information and Characteristics

With its distinctive wrinkles and protective nature, the Chinese Shar-Pei has roots tracing back to ancient China, where they served as guardians and hunters. Their wrinkled skin was believed to ward off evil spirits.

5. Afghan Hound: The Regal Beauty

Afghan Hound - Wikipedia

Originating in Afghanistan, the Afghan Hound is a breed steeped in antiquity. Their elegant appearance and agility made them prized hunting companions for royalty in the Middle East centuries ago.

6. Akita Inu: The Loyal Samurai

Japanese Akitainu - Dog Breed Information

Hailing from Japan, the Akita Inu has a storied history as a revered symbol of loyalty and protection. Bred initially for hunting bears, these majestic dogs were also cherished as loyal companions by Japanese royalty.

7. Shiba Inu: The Spirited Companion

Shiba Inu - Wikipedia

Also originating from Japan, the Shiba Inu is a small but spirited breed known for its fox-like appearance. This ancient breed was utilized for hunting small game in the mountainous regions of Japan.

8. Chow Chow: The Lion-Like Guardian

Chow Chow - Wikipedia

Originating from China, the Chow Chow is distinguished by its lion-like mane and independent nature. This breed’s origins can be traced back to over 2,000 years, serving as both a working dog and companion.


In the tapestry of history, these eight dog breeds stand as testament to the enduring bond between humans and canines. Their timeless presence is a reminder of the rich heritage that intertwines our lives with theirs, spanning civilizations and epochs.


1. Which is the oldest dog breed among these eight?

The Saluki is considered one of the oldest dog breeds, with origins dating back to ancient Egypt around 329 B.C.

2. Are these ancient breeds still popular as pets today?

Yes, many of these ancient breeds remain popular among dog enthusiasts and are cherished as loving companions and family pets.

3. What makes these breeds unique compared to modern dog breeds?

These ancient breeds often possess distinct physical features, temperaments, and historical significance that set them apart from modern breeds.

4. Are these ancient breeds more prone to health issues due to their age?

While some ancient breeds may have specific health concerns, responsible breeding and proper care can help mitigate potential issues.

Michael Flores, a M.Sc. Part 2 student with 3 years of content writing experience, is a specialist in Health (Weight Loss, Fat Burn Food etc.), Astrology and pets topics. With a deep love for animals, Flores also provides informative content on pet care, behavior, and the bond between humans and their furry companions. Know the enchanting worlds of zodiac signs and pets through Michael Flores's engaging writing.

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